Cherry is the name of a tree and fruit native to southwest Asia and Europe (scientific name: Prunus cerasus). The fruit is sour and red in color. The height of the tree is 3 to 10 meters.
Cherry and Cherry Tree History:
Cherry seedlings are found somewhere between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and belong to the genus Golsorkhian. Although its tree can withstand temperatures up to -25 degrees, cherries are a fruit of temperate climates. Italy, the United States, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine and Germany are the largest producers of this cherry fruit; So that they produce about 150 to 200 tons of cherries annually.
Considering the origin of cherry trees, it seems that this attractive fruit was native to Iran and has gone from Iran to other parts of the world. The tree grows between 6 and 10 meters and in late April it blooms white.
Introduction to the benefits of cherries:
Cherry red color tells us more than anything else that it should be a rich source of antioxidants and good for health and blood purification. But it certainly has many properties and its consumption brings many benefits to our body. In this article, we want to know more about the properties and benefits of cherries; So stay tuned.
properties of cherries
Cherry fruit with sour and sweet taste has smooth, shiny and red skin and has a central core and is generally available depending on the climate from June to August. This attractive fruit is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Consumption of 150 grams of cherry fruit;
• 161/0 mg of copper
15.5 mg of vitamin C.
• 99 micrograms of vitamin A.
0.174 mg of manganese
• 2.5 grams of dietary fiber
0.5 mg of iron
• 268 mg of potassium
• 25 mg of calcium
• 5 mg sodium
• 16/0 zinc (zinc)
• 068/0 Vitamin 6B
The above minerals and minerals and the mentioned vitamins reach the body.
1- Low calorie fruits:
Cherry fruit is low in calories due to its low sugar content, and due to its type of sugar, diabetics can also use this fruit in moderation in their diet. Calories per 150 grams of sour cherry properties, about 90 kcal and its fat is very low. On the other hand, this high-quality fruit increases the body’s metabolism and has a kind of fat-burning property.
2- Cherry benefits for osteoarthritis; Reduce inflammation and pain:
Sour cherries and sour cherry juice, due to their antioxidant antioxidants, anthocyanins and manganese, have anti-inflammatory properties and are effective in reducing joint pain and osteoarthritis. A 2012 study found that people who drank cherry juice twice for 21 days.
They experienced less osteoarthritis pain. Anthocyanins and other compounds in the properties of cherries produce a pro-inflammatory enzyme called cyclooxygenase, which acts like ibuprofen and other anti-inflammatory painkillers and reduces swelling.
3- Strengthening the immune system:
Cherries, like all fruits and vegetables, have strong antioxidant and antiviral properties. The flavonoids in it have a high ability to fight infections and have excellent antimicrobial properties.
This feature plays an important role in eliminating infections and microbes and strengthening the immune system. Also, due to its anthocyanin content, cherries increase blood circulation, and with vitamin C, they strengthen the immune system and increase collagen production.
4- Cherries to prevent cancer!
As mentioned above, one of the benefits of cherries is a rich source of antioxidants and is very effective in preventing cancer by having three effective substances. These three substances are “peryl alcohol”, “limonene” and “alginic acid”, and only in cherries and cherries, all three substances are present. They especially protect against cancer of the breast, lung, liver, skin and colon.
Laboratory research has shown that eating cherries on a regular basis helps reduce the proliferation of cancer cells in mice, and that the anthocyanins in them reduce the number of colon cancer cells in humans.
5-Cherry help to remain young:
Cherry is a fruit that has amazing properties and is good for the skin; That is why it is called the young fruit. The properties of cherries with high amounts of vitamins A and C are fruitful for strengthening the connective tissue of the skin and the collagen-producing tissue of the skin and cause youth and freshness of the skin. Cherry properties; It cleanses, clarifies and brightens the skin.
6-cherry is good for the heart:
One of the most potent antioxidants in cherries is quercetin; One of the functions of quercetin is to prevent “oxidative stress” in the body’s cells. As a result of the metabolic process in the body, free radicals are multiplied and the high accumulation of free radicals in the body causes oxidative stress, in which proteins, DNA and cell membranes are irreparably damaged.
These injuries alter cell function or death. The quercetin in cherries thus prevents heart disease caused by the accumulation of free radicals or high cholesterol.
7-Cherries and effects on slimming:
Cherries regulate metabolism in the body and fight fat. Anthocyanins reduce fat and eliminate obesity, especially abdominal obesity. On the other hand, cherries with high fiber and low glycemic carbohydrates on the one hand and reduce bad cholesterol on the other hand reduce belly fat and slimming.
8-Cherries improve insomnia
There is a lot of tryptophan and anthocyanin in this fragrant fruit; These two substances help melatonin to be produced in the body, and it is interesting to know that melatonin regulates sleep hormones in humans. So if you drink cherry juice an hour before bed, you will sleep better and better. Of course, do not forget that natural fruit juice without added sugar will be useful.
9-Cherries blood pressure treatment:
Cherries with high levels of potassium and antioxidants can enter the arena as one of the fiercest enemies of high blood pressure and clogged arteries. Vitamin C plays an important role in vascular health, which is high in cherries. In addition, quercetin plays an important role in vascular health and cleansing as an anticoagulant.
10-Cherries for the treatment of asthma:
Cherries are effective in improving asthma due to their high vitamin C and anti-inflammatory benefits. The presence of quercetin and anthocyanins is effective in fighting infections and can reduce the severity of asthma attacks. Quercetin acts as a bronchodilator (bronchodilator and dilator), making it easier to fight asthma.
11-The effect of cherries on kidney function:
Usually, foods that contain antioxidants help cleanse and improve kidney function. One of these foods is cherries, which cleans the kidneys and improve the function and health of this organ. As we have said, the substances and antioxidants in it, as well as its mild potassium content, are effective in kidney health and will be effective in eliminating kidney stones and possible infections.
12-Cherries and improve gout and rheumatism:
Another property of cherries; Decreased levels of uric acid in the blood, and as we know, gout is caused by an increase in the amount of uric acid in the blood. The anthocyanin in cherries reduces uric acid levels and also, with its anti-inflammatory properties, eliminates inflammation and swelling caused by gout and rheumatism in the joints.
Rheumatism is an inflammatory joint disease that causes pain and stiffness in the joints that over time, if left untreated, can lead to deformed and eroded bones. Due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-infective properties, cherries can also be useful in eliminating inflammation and pain caused by rheumatism.
13-The amazing effect of cherries on diabetes:
If you have diabetes, it is very important to control your blood sugar levels and closely monitor your food intake. Since cherries have a low glycemic index, so you can easily use it in moderation. Research shows that this fruit helps regulate blood sugar and reduces the risk of diabetes and its side effects.
The effective ingredients in cherries, anthocyanins and quercetin, regulate blood sugar and lower fasting blood sugar in diabetics.
14-Cherries good for recovery and recovery after exercise:
Research has shown that cherries’ anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties are effective in relieving inflammation and pain caused by exercise. The properties of sour cherry juice have been shown to improve muscle function and reduce post-workout muscle pain and cramps in cyclists and marathon runners, and have led to faster resolution of these conditions in athletes.
The study found that runners who consumed cherry juice in the seven days leading up to the race experienced three times less muscle soreness during and after the race. This proves that the ingredients in cherries have a positive and increasing effect on muscle strength and endurance.
15-The positive effect of cherries on the brain and brain cells:
The presence of antioxidants and other beneficial compounds and the reduction of oxidative stress, helps brain cells to remain healthier. In this regard, in a study that was conducted; After a period of consuming cherries and evaluating its effect for 12 weeks, as a result of the experiment, old and healthy men and women had increased levels of antioxidants in the body, and men and women with mild dementia reported improvement in verbal mastery and short memory function. They had a long and long term.
Experts believe that degenerative disorders (destructive erosion) of the brain; Like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s, they are caused by oxidative stress, and the benefits of cherries have a positive effect on relieving the effects of oxidative stress.
16-Cherries useful for the liver:
Other properties of cherries; Remarkably, we can point out that sour cherry tea has an effective role in cleansing the liver. Due to the presence of antioxidants as well as anthocyanins that cause the antiseptic properties of this fruit and also its role in eliminating toxins and harmful substances from the liver and body, this fruit is a friend of the liver and cleanses the liver to the health of it and other organs, including The clarity and freshness of the face and skin helps a lot.
16-Cherry fruit useful for the eyes:
Cherries are good for the eyes due to their high content of vitamin A, and the antioxidants in them are good for eyesight and eye health, and even consuming them greatly improves dry eye syndrome.
17-Cherries improve gastrointestinal function:
It is interesting to know that cherries, with their high fiber content, help relieve constipation, while the fruit or tail itself is effective in treating diarrhea. Also the properties of cherries; Helps reduce stomach acid and treat reflux, and reduces ulcers and stomach pain. Of course, people with weak stomachs or intestines should be careful in consuming it
18-The effect of cherries on coronary heart disease
It is clear that coronary heart disease, which has become very common these days and has become a daily issue for many people, is exacerbated by a weakened immune system. Medical experts also believe; Any factor that strengthens the immune system can be effective in preventing coronary heart disease or improving the course of the disease. Properties of cherries with high antioxidants, vitamin C, vitamin A and anthocyanins can help increase the body’s resistance and reduce the side effects of this disease.
The largest producer of cherry in the world
The countries with the highest volumes of sour cherry production in 2021 were Russia, Turkey and Ukraine, together accounting for 42% of global production. Poland, Iran, Serbia, the United States, Uzbekistan, Hungary, Azerbaijan, Belarus and Romania lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 49%
The leading exporters of sour cherries in the world
The United States remains the largest sour cherry supplier worldwide, comprising 25% of global exports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Spain, with an 11% share of global exports. It was followed by Hungary, with a 9.1% share.
In the field of sour cherry production, according to the FAO, Turkey, Ukraine and Poland are in the first row of world sour cherry production, respectively, followed by Iran in fourth place.
Iran is ranked fourth in the world in terms of sour cherry production with a share of 8.84%.
In the case of cherries, as in cherries and many other products, the largest producers are not on the list of largest exporters. The largest exporters of fresh cherries are the United States, Serbia, Hungary and Spain. It is interesting to know that Turkey is not seen up to the tenth place and the United States is at the top of the list with a huge difference, so that the value of US exports is $ 28.27 million and the value of Serbian exports is $ 10.7 million, and this difference is only due to quality. Is on top of American products; Because the United States was able to achieve this amount only by exporting 3755 tons of fresh cherries, and Serbia exported 13693 tons of cherries. From here we can understand the importance of product quality in exports.
Cherry exports in Iran
The largest sour cherry importing markets worldwide were Germany, China and Saudi Arabia, with a combined 33% share of global imports. Belarus, Russia, the Netherlands, Kuwait, Austria, Italy, Romania and Bosnia and Herzegovina lagged somewhat behind, together comprising a further 28% However .Russia has the first place in the import of fresh cherries from Iran, followed by Kuwait, Bahrain and the Republic of Azerbaijan.