Rotterdam port in the Netherlands is the largest seaport in Europe and the 4th largest in the world, handling around 466.4 million tons of cargo per year. Situated in the city of Rotterdam, it covers an area of 41 square miles and stretches for 25 miles.
Located in a strategically important distribution point in Europe and surrounded by Europe’s highly-populated and industrialized centers, Rotterdam port is handled by the Port of Rotterdam Authority (PoRA) which is a non-listed public limited company, with shares held by the Municipality of Rotterdam (75%) and the Dutch State (25%).
It was the busiest port in the world until 2004. By 2011, Rotterdam port was the 11th largest container port, and by 2012, it was the world’s 6th largest port by cargo tonnage. It was the world’s busiest port from 1962 to 1986 but now it has been overshadowed by some Asian ports like Singapore port and Shanghai port.
The most significant characteristic of Rotterdam port is the petrochemical industry and general cargo transshipment handlings. It is a vital transit center for bulk cargoes and other goods between the European continent and other parts of the globe. Goods are transported by ship, river barge, train and road from Rotterdam. The Betuweroute, A rapid cargo railway from Rotterdam to Germany is under construction since 2000. The Dutch part of it was opened in 2007.
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