The bell pepper (also known as sweet pepper, pepper or capsicum) is the fruit of plants in the Grossum cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum. Cultivars of the plant produce fruits in different colours, including red, yellow, orange, green, white, and purple. Bell peppers are sometimes grouped with less pungent pepper varieties as “sweet peppers”. While they are fruits—botanically classified as berries—they are commonly used as a vegetable ingredient or side dish.
Peppers are native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Pepper seeds were imported to Spain in 1493 and then spread through Europe and Asia. The mild bell pepper cultivar was developed in the 1920s, in Szeged, Hungary. Preferred growing conditions for bell peppers include warm, moist soil in a temperature range of 21 to 29 °C .
Fresh, raw bell peppers are mainly composed of water (92%). The rest is carbs and small amounts of protein and fat.
The main nutrients in 100 grams of raw, red bell peppers are:
Protein: 1 gram
Carbs: 6 grams
Sugar: 4.2 grams
Fiber: 2.1 grams
Fat: 0.3 grams
Vitamins and minerals
Bell peppers are loaded with various vitamins and minerals:
Vitamin C: One medium-sized bell pepper provides 169% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) for vitamin C, making it one of the richest dietary sources of this essential nutrient.
Vitamin B6: Pyridoxine is the most common type of vitamin B6, which is a family of nutrients important for the formation of red blood cells.
Vitamin K1: A form of vitamin K, also known as phylloquinone, K1 is important for blood clotting and bone health.
Potassium: This essential mineral may improve heart health.
Folate: Also known as vitamin B9, folate has a variety of functions in your body. Adequate folate intake is very important during pregnancy.
Vitamin E: A powerful antioxidant, vitamin E is essential for healthy nerves and muscles. The best dietary sources of this fat-soluble vitamin are oils, nuts, seeds, and vegetables.
Vitamin A: bell peppers are high in pro-vitamin A (beta carotene), which your body converts into vitamin A
Bell pepper is sold in green, yellow, orange, and red, but are the products different?
The answer is yes. According to nutritionist Lindsay Livingston, the difference between bell peppers actually depends on how far they go.
The green bell peppers are picked before they are fully ripe. If you wait, they turn yellow, then orange, and finally red.
Yellow Bell Peppers
The color of yellow bell peppers is created by staying on the plant for a long time before harvest; the skin is thick, soft and shiny, and there are seeds inside. Yellow peppers taste like fruit, however, they are softer than their orange or red types. Grilled yellow bell peppers are great, but we suggest eating them raw to get the most out of your vitamins and properties.
Vitamins, properties and benefits of yellow bell peppers
- Yellow bell peppers are rich in vitamin C and A, which repair skin, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels, protect cartilage, bones and teeth, and heal wounds and scars.The National Institutes of Health says vitamin C can help prevent cancer by blocking free radical damage.
- Dietary fiber strengthens the immune system and helps maintain a youthful appearance, so you know that yellow bell peppers are one of the most useful foods for the beauty and freshness of the skin.
- Yellow bell peppers are low in calories and people on a diet can consume large amounts, which helps you get the daily amount of vitamins A and C.
- Yellow pepper contains vitamin B6, which is essential for the health of the nervous system and also helps to regenerate cells.
- The enzymes in it, called leutin, prevent cataracts and eye degeneration. – Capsaicin in them is extremely useful for arthritis. Capsaicin, as an antioxidant, helps protect against cell damage.
Red Bell Peppers
Red bell peppers are simply ripened green peppers, the skin is thick, soft and shiny, and there are seeds inside. Red peppers taste like fruit, however, they are rougher than their yellow or green types .
Vitamins, properties and benefits of red bell peppers
- Red bell peppers are a healthy option that can be part of your daily diet because they contain powerful nutrients and antioxidants. Therefore, bell peppers help prevent various types of cancer in the stomach, intestines, chest, prostate and lungs.
- Red bell peppers provide 300% of the daily intake of vitamin C. In addition to being a powerful antioxidant, vitamin C is vital for proper iron absorption. Therefore, those who suffer from iron deficiency can make the most of red bell peppers to facilitate iron absorption.
- Red bell peppers help treat and prevent inflammation in the body. This is a great option to energize yourself if you are stressed or feeling tired.
- Combining vitamin B6 and magnesium with red bell peppers helps reduce anxiety, especially because of premenstrual symptoms. Vitamin B6 is great for reducing bloating and preventing high blood pressure.
- Red bell peppers are an excellent source of vitamin A and provide about 75% of your daily vitamin A needs. Vitamin A is a nutrient that supports healthy vision, especially at night, because it helps the retina function and prevents the growth of cataracts.
- Red bell peppers help with weight loss. One cup of chopped red bell peppers provides just 31 calories, not fat or cholesterol. In addition, you can burn more calories by consuming red bell peppers because they can activate the heat inside the body and increase metabolism.
- Red bell peppers provide 7% of the daily amount of potassium per cup. These minerals are needed by the body to regulate the level of fluid inside and outside the cells and the contraction of the heart muscle.
Green Bell Peppers
People purchase more green peppers than any other color—likely because they are the cheapest.
Because they are harvested before they are ripe, green peppers don’t have as high a concentration of nutrients and aren’t as sweet as others.
Vitamins, properties and benefits of green bell peppers
- Green bell pepper is a powerful antioxidant. They contain large amounts of vitamins A and B (especially vitamins B6, B9 and C), which are able to neutralize the destructive effects of free radicals in the body and maintain overall health.
- As it has been said many times in previous sections on moist health, the anti-inflammatory properties of green bell pepper are very desirable in relieving pain and swelling associated with severe bone disorders such as osteoarthritis, rheumatism and so on.
- Most asthmatics can use green bell peppers heavily because they are high in nutrients, a special group of plant compounds (which are essentially natural chemicals) and have the ability to relax the lungs and reduce shortness of breath.
- Green bell peppers can significantly reduce cardiovascular risk. This is because of the presence of vitamin C. It has been found that the amount of this antioxidant vitamin in green bell peppers is higher than in oranges, which is essential to prevent blood clots and related diseases such as cardiac arrest, stroke and so on.
- Vitamin B6 and vitamin B9 in green bell pepper play an active role in reducing the level of homocysteine in our body.
- When it comes to protecting the gut, there is nothing better than dietary fiber and green bell pepper. If you increase your consumption of green bell peppers with a healthy diet, you can easily protect your gut against the damaging effects of germs as well as toxic elements.
- In addition to maintaining good intestinal health, green bell peppers also play an important role in reducing the risk of colon cancer. Antioxidant vitamins (A, B9 and C) are considered to be the main responsible factors for this vitamin.
- Green bell peppers are rich in calcium and can keep bones and teeth strong and healthy.
- The antioxidant properties of green bell peppers make them very effective against oxidative damage caused by free radicals. Various antioxidant vitamins, especially vitamin C, in this type of bell pepper can facilitate the formation of collagen in our skin to keep the skin firm and healthy and prevent further damage.
- Regular consumption of green bell pepper juice is very useful in combating all the signs of aging and keeps our skin healthy forever. The nutrients in green pepper are very effective in treating itchy skin, blemishes, acne and other skin infections.
Chili peppers (Capsicum annuum) are the fruits of Capsicum pepper plants, notable for their hot flavor.
They are members of the nightshade family, related to bell peppers and tomatoes. Many varieties of chili peppers exist, such as cayenne and jalapeño. Chili peppers are primarily used as a spice and can be cooked or dried and powdered. Powdered, red chili peppers are known as paprika.
The nutrition facts for 1 tablespoon (15 grams) of raw, fresh, red chili peppers are:
- Calories: 6
- Water: 88%
- Protein:0.3 grams
- Carbs: 1.3 grams
- Sugar: 0.8 grams
- Fiber: 0.2 grams
- Fat: 0.1 grams
Vitamins and minerals
Chili peppers are rich in various vitamins and minerals.
However, since they are only eaten in small amounts, their contribution to your daily intake is minuscule. These spicy fruits boast:
- Vitamin C. Chili peppers are very high in this powerful antioxidant, which is important for wound healing and immune function.
- Vitamin B6. A family of B vitamins, B6 plays a role in energy metabolism.
- Vitamin K1. Also known as phylloquinone, vitamin K1 is essential for blood clotting and healthy bones and kidneys.
- Potassium. An essential dietary mineral that serves a variety of functions, potassium may reduce your risk of heart disease when consumed in adequate amounts.
- Copper. Often lacking in the Western diet, copper is an essential trace element, important for strong bones and healthy neurons.
- Vitamin A. Red chili peppers are high in beta carotene, which your body converts into vitamin A.
Health benefits of chili peppers
Despite their burning taste, chili peppers have long been considered a healthy spice.
- Pain relief
Capsaicin, the main bioactive plant compound in chili peppers, has some unique properties. It binds with pain receptors, which are nerve endings that sense pain. This induces a burning sensation but does not cause any real burning injuries.
Even so, high consumption of chili peppers (or capsaicin) may desensitize your pain receptors over time, reducing your ability to sense the burning flavor of chili.
One study found that when 2.5 grams of red chili peppers were given daily to people with heartburn, the pain worsened at the beginning of the 5-week treatment but improved over time
This is supported by another small, 6-week study showing that 3 grams of chili each day improved heartburn in people with acid reflux.
- Weight loss
Obesity is a serious health condition that increases your risk of many chronic illnesses, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Some evidence suggests that capsaicin can promote weight loss by reducing appetite and increasing fat burning.
Another study observed a significant reduction in appetite and calorie intake only in those who did not regularly consume chili.
Top Sweet Pepper and Chili Pepper Exporters
International sales of exported sweet peppers (also called bell peppers) and chili peppers totaled US$5.5 billion during a year. That dollar amount reflects an average 12.9% increase in value from $4.9 billion in 2014.
Europe exported the highest dollar worth of peppers, roughly half (49.7%) of the overall total. In second place was North America at 32.4% while 13.4% of worldwide shipments of peppers originated from Asian exporters. Smaller percentages came from Africa (3.1%), Latin America (1.2%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, then Oceania (0.3%) led by New Zealand and Australia.
Iranian bell peppers and chili peppers are very popular in different countries, including the UAE , Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, Iraq, Syria and Russia, and you can buy this product directly from local farmers through us.
‘kala sepid tarabar’ as an international trading & transportation company in Iran focus on the agricultural and fresh fruits export. Our experiences and resume reflects our quality of work and honesty.
As you know we also are exporters of red and yellow and green bell peppers that are so fragrant and sweet and have high shelf life. we have supplied and exported bell pepper from high grade gardens of Isfahan in customer’s desired packaging.
The following photos and videos relate to exporting 2*40 RF container of colored to UAE in March,2020. So far we have also exported to Russia, Qatar, Oman, Iraq and turkey with the safest shipping methods.